Subject and Predicate

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Every sentence is divided into two parts called ‘subject’ and ‘predicate’.

The subject of the sentence names the person or thing that is spoken about; in other words, the main point or topic of the sentence.

The predicate of the sentence states something about the subject.

For e.g., Mary had a little lamb.
Mary = subject; had a little lamb = predicate

Although it is common for sentences to begin with the subject; occasionally, the predicate may appear before the subject. For e.g.,
Here comes our van.
Sweet are the uses of adversity.

The subject is left out in imperative sentences. For e.g.,
Come here. [The subject ‘You’ is understood, and is left out].
Apologize. [The subject ‘You’ is understood, and is left out].


1. The cackling of geese saved Rome.
The cackling of geese: subject; saved Rome: predicate

2. The boy stood on the burning deck.
The boy: subject; stood on the burning deck: predicate

3. Tubal Cain was a man of might.
Tubal Cain: subject; was a man of might: predicate

4. Stone walls do not make a prison.
Stone walls: subject; do not make a prison: predicate

5. The singing of the birds delights us.
The singing of the birds: subject; delights us: predicate

6. Miss Kitty was rude at the table one day.
Miss Kitty: subject; was rude at the table one day: predicate

7. He has a good memory.
He: subject; has a good memory: predicate

8. Bad habits grow unconsciously.
Bad habits: subject; grow unconsciously: predicate

9. The earth revolves round the sun.
The earth: subject; revolves round the sun: predicate

10. Nature is the best physician.
Nature: subject; is the best physician: predicate

11. Edison invented the phonograph.
Edison: subject; invented the phonograph: predicate

12. The sea hath many thousand sands.
The sea: subject; hath many thousand sands: predicate

13. We cannot pump the ocean dry.
We: subject; cannot pump the ocean dry: predicate

14. Borrowed garments never fit well.
Borrowed garments: subject; never fit well: predicate

15. The early bird catches the worm.
The early bird: subject; catches the worm: predicate

16. All matter is indestructible.
All matter: subject; is indestructible: predicate

17. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan.
Islamabad: subject; is the capital of Pakistan: predicate

18. We should profit by experience.
We: subject; should profit by experience: predicate

19. All roads lead to Rome.
All roads: subject; lead to Rome: predicate

20. A guilty conscience needs no excuse.
A guilty conscience: subject; needs no excuse: predicate

21. The beautiful rainbow soon faded away.
The beautiful rainbow: subject; soon faded away: predicate

22. No man can serve two masters.
No man: subject; can serve two masters: predicate

23. A sick room should be well aired.
A sick room: subject; should be well aired: predicate

24. The dewdrops glitter in the sunshine.
The dewdrops: subject; glitter in the sunshine: predicate

25. I shot an arrow into the air.
I: subject; shot an arrow into the air: predicate

26. A barking sound the shepherd hears.
The shepherd: subject; hears a barking sound: predicate

27. On the top of the hill lives a hermit.
A hermit: subject; lives on the top of the hill: predicate










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